Ringgi or Emping Rice: Culinary Traditions from the Land of Perlis

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Ringgi, or better known as emping beras, is a traditional food originating from the state of Perlis, Malaysia. This food is not only delicious but also loaded with cultural and historical value, making it an important part of Perlis’ culinary heritage.

What is Ringgi?

Ringgi is a type of emping made from young glutinous rice. Its unique and traditional manufacturing process gives it a special texture and taste. Ringgi is produced by pounding young glutinous rice until it becomes thin, then drying it in the sun. The result is a light and crispy emping, with the authentic natural taste of rice.

Ringgi Manufacturing Process

The process of making ringgi is an art passed down from generation to generation. Here are the steps in making ringgi:

Selection of Rice: Young glutinous rice is selected for its softer texture and sweeter taste.
Pounding: The rice that has been selected is then pounded until it becomes thin. This process requires precision to ensure that each grain of rice is pounded perfectly.
Drying: The pounded rice is dried in the sun until completely dry. This drying ensures that the emping becomes crispy and durable.
Harvest Traditions
Ringgi can only be enjoyed once a year, which is during the harvest season. At this time, ringgi will be distributed to the farmers to take home to their respective homes. The division of ringgi is done using traditional methods, such as using kepoi or bushels. If the harvested rice is as much as one bushel, maybe the ringgi produced is as much as four kepoi (a cup).

Traditional Division

Distributing ringgi to farmers is a tradition that strengthens community bonds. Each farmer will receive ringgi based on the amount of rice harvested. This tradition uses traditional measuring tools such as kepoi and gantang, which add an element of authenticity and history to this division process.

Cultural Significance

Ringgi is not just food; it is a symbol of culture and togetherness. During the harvest season, families and communities gather to celebrate the harvest and enjoy ringgi together. This is the time to celebrate the hard work of the year and enjoy the results obtained.


Ringgi or emping rice is more than just a snack. It is a reflection of the culture, history, and traditions of the state of Perlis. With its special taste and unique manufacturing process, ringgi continues to be a food that is looked forward to every year. Through this tradition, the values of togetherness and cultural heritage continue to be preserved from generation to generation. Ringgi not only provides taste pleasure but also connects us with our cultural and historical roots.